How Perspective Affects Span of Control

The span of control calculation leads to different results depending on which perspective in use (legal, functional, manager).

Legal Perspective:

In this example, the only manager of the NAK org unit is the CEO, Bobby Tables, which makes m from our equation above 1. There is only one direct employee who is not also part of m ( the CTO), so e is equal to 1. The NAK org unit only has one child org unit, SALES, and it is managed by one manager, VP. The VP is a manager and therefore not part of e, so c equals 1. Now that all 3 variables are known, we calculate the span of control using Condition 1 (because m > 0.)

Calculation: (1+1)÷1=2.


To calculate the span of control for the SALES org unit, go through a similar process.

Here the only manager of the SALES org unit is the VP, John John, so m = 1. There is only one direct employee, the Manager Ali Ali, so e is equal to 1. Finally, there are no child org units, so c = 0.

Calculation: (1+0)÷1=1.


Functional/Manager Perspective:

The same equations illustrated in the Legal perspective still apply to Functional and Manager perspectives, but are complicated somewhat by dotted reporting relationships. Remember, to see the correct span of control values under these perspectives, you must select the Perspective Analytics view. The Analytics - Employee view shows the Legal perspective only.

In this organization:

  • The NAK OU is managed by CEO
  • The SALES OU is managed by VP
  • The CONTRACTORS OU is managed by HEAD.

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